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Título

SLEEP AND ALIMENTATION: ACTIONS FOR IMPROVING QUALITY OF LIFE IN TIMES OF COVID 19

Introdução

Sleep is characterized as a condition of physical and mental rest, in which the person ignores everything going on around him. There is a scientifically proven association between sleep deprivation and unhealthy eating habits, increasing cases of emotional and uncontrolled eating leading to malnutrition. In addition, a bad night's sleep has been associated with worsening mental health, especially in times of pandemic.

Objetivo

In light of the above, this study aimed to report the experience and stimulate reflection about the results of a poll shared on the social network Instagram with the objective of analyzing the quality of sleep of students at a public higher education institution during the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Métodos

This is an experience report of the extension group "Sleep and Food in times of Pandemic", composed of students of nursing, nutrition, medicine and mathematics of a public institution of higher education. The group, through its profile on the social network Instagram, shared a sleep satisfaction scale, where users reported in posts according to the condition of their sleep on a scale between good and bad. The scale was made available publicly and online, so the answers were freely accessible to everyone who followed the group's profile.

Resultados

The project had a large significant reach of participants, since the present was observed through the social media of we can mention Instagram e Facebook, that is, an average of 600 posts observed, of these, 34.5% of students reported having a good night's sleep during the pandemic, while 65.5% responded by pointing out a bad night's sleep.Sleep deprivation is inversely related to the regulation of the circadian cycle, is associated with neuroendocrine and metabolic functions, such as reduced leptin and increased ghrelin, increasing appetite and food intake.In parallel to this, individuals in this stressful situation tend to consume foods that are pleasing to the palate, which usually contain higher amounts of sugar and/or fat, because they serve as comfort for the stress they are going through, but may contribute to the risk of developing obesity, insulin resistance, and cardiovascular disease.

Conclusões

Some protective factors can help in this change, such as maintaining a daily routine, practicing physical activity, following a dietary pattern and taking care of sleep hygiene. Finally, we emphasize the need for more studies with a more rigid methodological content

Palavras-chave

Sleep; Eating behaviour; Circadian cycle; COVID 19

Área

Relato de Caso

Instituições

UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO PIAUÍ - Piauí - Brasil

Autores

RENATO MENDES SANTOS, TAMIRIS RAMOS SILVA, ANA GESSICA DOS SANTOS CARVALHO, DENIVAL NASCIMENTO VIEIRA JÚNIOR, ALYSSON CASTILHO DOS SANTOS, JULIO CESAR DE CASTRO E SILVA FILHO, RAFAEL DE LIMA SANTOS, MARIA DARA LOPES DE MORAES, DANIEL VICTOR SILVA SOARES, EDLA CAMILA DA CONCEIÇÃO