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Título

Relationship between the application of sleep hygiene measures and the perception of sleep by parents of children and adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic

Introdução

Sleep is the result of reversible changes in the behavioral and physiological spheres, associated with the modification of brain activities, being an important mechanism for physical restoration, memory consolidation and learning, mood regulation and modulation of the immune system. Sleep habits are affected by stimuli and interferences of daily life, especially in a COVID-19 pandemic situation, so it is essential to apply sleep hygiene measures to improve sleep patterns, including having a regular time to sleep and wake up, dim lighting in the periods before bedtime, manage stress and use relaxation techniques

Objetivo

To assess the relationship between the application of sleep hygiene measures and the perception of sleep quality by parents of children and adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic

Métodos

This is a cross-sectional study, carried out using an online form sent to parents/guardians (over 18 years old) of children and adolescents of both sexes, aged between 4 and 17 years old, by convenience, in the period from October 28, 2020 to December 7, 2020. The analysis of the application of sleep hygiene measures took into account the application of 8 or more sleep hygiene measures by parents/guardians, among the 14 described in the online questionnaire. For the questioning about the perception of parents/guardians regarding the quality of sleep of children, a scale of 0 to 10 was adopted, considering from 0 to 5 for perception of poor sleep quality, and from 6 to 10 for perception of regular or good sleep. The distribution of the dependent variable according to the independent ones was verified using the Chi-square test, considering 95% CI

Resultados

The sample was composed of 532 children and adolescents, of both sexes, mean age 9.7 (± 3.8 years), with a predominance of female sex (51.9%), residing in Rio Grande do Sul (63.7%), aged between 6 and 13 years (60.2%). It was observed that 83.3% of the parents/guardians evaluated perceived the sleep of children and adolescents as regular or good. Of these, 87.1% applied 8 or more sleep hygiene measures, proving the positive relationship between the application of sleep hygiene measures and the perception of sleep quality (p 0.001)

Conclusões

The study data allowed us to analyze how the application of sleep hygiene measures in children and adolescents caused positive outcomes in the sleep pattern, thus demonstrating the benefits that these actions have on the physiological development of children.

Palavras-chave

Sleep Hygiene. COVID-19. Kids

Área

Área Clínica

Instituições

Universidade Federal da Fronteira Sul - Rio Grande do Sul - Brasil

Autores

Tiago Teixeira Simon, Tairine Kleber, Samuell Jensen Fernandes Barbosa, Vinícius Estanilslau Albergaria, Gustavo Ozlanski Acrani, Ivana Loraine Lindemann