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Chronotype and food structure and anthropometric profile of university students during the Covid-19 pandemic.
The pandemic imposed the need for social distancing with a consequent modification of the work and study routines, which in turn led to numerous changes. Circadian desynchronization, changes in food consumption from omission of meals to nutritionally insufficient food intake, especially during the gym, where students report little time for self-care.
To identify the chronotype, anthropometric profile and dietary structure of students at a public university located in the Midwest region of Brazil during the Covid-19 pandemic.
Cross-sectional study with sample comes from the project mental health, nutritional care and standard of sleep in the university community during the covid-19 pandemic, carried out with university students who answered the online questionnaire to identify the chronotype Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire, validated version for Brazilian population, and self-reported questions about food structure and anthropometric profile.
106 students participated in the study, 33% (95%CI 23.6–41.5) often had less than three meals a day, 30% (95%CI 21.7-38.3) omitted breakfast and 22% (95%CI 12.5-31.9) do not have meals in appropriate places, 30.2% (95%CI 21.7-39.6) reported discomfort after meals, 40.6% (95%CI 32.1-50.9) have excess weight and 71.1% (95%CI 63.2-80.2) had weight gain in the last three months. About chronotype, 25.5% (95%CI 15.1-31.1) have classified as evening, 43.3% of them often skipping breakfast and 25.5% (95%CI 17,9 – 34.0) do not have class schedules compatible with chronotype.
The high prevalence found of alterations in anthropometric profile and in food structure allow the planning of actions aimed at better synchronization of circadian rhythm and prevention of damage to health and better academic performance of these young people.
Eating behavior, Nutritional status, Biological Rhythm.
Universidade Federal de Catalão - UFCAT, Catalão, Centro Oeste, Brasil - Goiás - Brasil
Maristela Thomazetto Gussoni, Cássia Oliveiro Canedo Barbosa, Roselma Lucchese, Graciele Cristina Silva