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Título

Effects of social distancing on the perception of sleep habits, physical activity and diet of young adults.

Introdução

In December 2019, there was a viral outbreak caused by coronaviruses (CoVs), which has led to numerous restrictive measures. Social distancing (SD) aims to reduce viral spread to the population, but affects sociodemographic aspects, sleep, eating habits and physical activity.

Objetivo

Evaluate the changes caused by DS in aspects related to sleep, eating habits and physical activity in adult individuals.

Métodos

A study was carried out with 204 volunteers of both sexes. Questions related to sleep habits, eating habits and the practice of physical activity before and during the period of SD were assessed using an electronic questionnaire. The Wilcoxon test , McNemar test, and chi-square test (X²) were used to compare variabels before and after SD. significance level of p<0.05 was adopted..

Resultados

The sample consisted of 44 men and 160 women, with a mean age of 33.3±11.2 years and body mass index (BMI) 24.6±4.7 kg/m². Regarding the TTS, there was an increase in sleep duration from 7.91±1.34hs to 8.43±1.23hs during DS (p<0.01). Sleep quality was considered “very good” or “good” in 73% of the sample in the period before DS. During social distancing, 55.4% reported that they started to sleep less at night and 35.3% reported sleep worsening during this period. Regarding the practice of exercise and physical activity, 73% of the participants practiced before SD, of which 65.1% interrupted the practice during the SD (p<0.01). Regarding eating habits, 32.4% noticed a worsening of eating habits during SD and 60.8% noticed changes in appetite, with increased appetite being the most perceived among participants (41.2%). Fast-food consumption was present at least once a week during SD in 48% of participants, consumption of frozen meals in 24.5% and consumption of sweets in 25%.

Conclusões

It is concluded that the DS in adults contributed to increased sleep duration, worsening sleep quality, reduced exercising practices, and increased appetite and worsening eating habits

Palavras-chave

COVID-19. Sleep. Social distancing

Área

Área Básica

Autores

ERYCLIS EDUARDO MIGUEL NUNES, Fernanda Nascimento Hermes, Camila Maria De melo